Fishermen who play by the rules deserve some help
Taking up Tom Philpott’s food stimulus challenge, I suggest bailing out the fisherman. Of course, fish stocks internationally are still in serious decline — you need look no father than the Atlantic bluefin tuna to see that. But according to a report on NPR, we’re having some serious fisheries-management success stories on the West Coast. Now it’s the local fishing fleets rather than the fisheries that threaten to collapse. At first, the government thought they had engineered a "soft landing" for fishermen when:
… five years ago many fishermen who trolled for groundfish agreed to give up their boats for a lump sum of cash. That dramatically reduced the size of the fleet. There are only about 160 bottom trawlers left in California, Oregon and Washington.
As a result, nets are full and quotas are easily met. But now regulators are converting fishing quotas into a cap-and-trade system. There’s no question that this is an important development. Since fishermen will be able to buy and sell portions of their quotas, they’ll throw less of their catch overboard (dumping fish being the only legal way to dispose of excess catch). Under the new system, they’ll just hop on the radio and buy some of the fishing rights from a fellow fisherman who has room to spare in his hold.
Everything looks peachy so far, but all industries need a certain scale. As the fleets continue to shrink and more fishermen sell their quotas and their boats, fishing ports, which include processing plants and other supporting services, will shut down entirely. These are businesses that, unlike the meat industry’s now defunct network of local abattoirs and butchers, have so far resisted centralization.
So how about some incentives to keep these folks afloat? Fishermen should be encouraged to stay on the water, not to become fish stock brokers. If a little of the stimulus money can help us manage the fishermen along with the fisheries, it would be a boon to struggling coastal communities and would preserve fishing as an environmentally and economically sustainable tradition. Aside from the fact that any job lost is a crisis in this economy, it would be a shame that our success with the fish should lead to disaster for the people.