Republican presidential candidate Rudy Giuliani, who served as mayor of New York City from 1994 to 2001, talks up energy independence as a critical component of national security. He acknowledges that climate change is happening and that humans contribute to it at least to some extent, but he doesn’t often address the issue or other environmental concerns.
- Recognizes climate change as a problem, but opposes mandatory limits on greenhouse-gas emissions.
- Calls for an “intense focus” on energy independence, saying he would make it a priority to wean the U.S. off foreign oil within 10 to 15 years. His energy plan centers around “diversifying our energy portfolio.”
- Wants to increase U.S. reliance on coal, and calls for commercialization of “clean coal” technologies, including carbon sequestration.
- Supports coal-to-liquid fuel, saying it is “a very valuable contributor to energy independence.”
- Calls for the expansion of nuclear power.
- Calls for more biofuels, and supports a 51-cent-a-gallon tax credit for ethanol, as well as other biofuel incentives.
- Does not support increasing auto fuel-economy standards.