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Gristmill: Fresh, whole-brain news.


Here are all of the ways that coal is bad for your health

Well, this is very surprising.* From Australian Broadcasting Company:

The study of international evidence showed increased rates of cancer, heart, lung and kidney disease, as well as birth defects, in communities near coal mines and coal-fired power stations.

The researchers analysed 50 studies from 10 countries, including the US, the UK and China.

Library of Congress
West Virginia coal town, 1974.

The full study [PDF] articulates the health effects of coal pollution more clearly, by analyzing reports from coal communities around the world.


Sandy has arrived

The Times Square subway station, vacant.

It's a strange day in New York City. Probably D.C., too, but I can't vouch for that. The city isn't shut down, just static, sitting in place. It's been taken offline in weird ways: power in some parts of lower Manhattan, steam and the subways, the stock exchanges. It's a weird mix of hyper-preparedness and insouciance. Lights are on in apartment windows, people are walking around, businesses are open, businesses are barricaded. It's 8 million people saying, "OK, let's see what happens."

Resources as the storm winds up: Reuters has a liveblog, as does the Atlantic Wire and the Times. If you want to know what to expect, see the Times or the Wall Street Journal, each of which has state-by-state guides. Sandyfeed has real-time text updates. You don't need us to tell you to take precautions if you're in an area expected to face the storm -- if you've ignored the government and other media outlets, you'll ignore us, too.

For us, the question is this: Why is this happening? Before we see how bad Sandy gets, we can't help but wonder why it's on the horizon. Why is this storm, this massive, largest-storm-of-its-kind happening and happening now? We're biased to assume that it's related to the climate, to the second-warmest ocean waters in a century, to the unprecedented ice melt in the Arctic. The always-sage Andy Revkin looks at the storm and soberly assesses that it's hard to attribute to climate change, as one would expect. Because nothing is climate change made manifest. Nothing ever. It's all a big maybe, like the big maybe that's a few hundred miles from my house, that shut down the daily lives of millions of people. Will it have minimal damage? Maybe. Will it obliterate cities? Maybe. It's all a big maybe until it's unignorable and too late.

Read more: Climate & Energy


Infocomic: New report shows big gains for cycling and transit, if not city infrastructure

A new report from the National Conference of State Legislatures is full to the brim with findings on American urbanism and transportation alternatives. They even mention environmental preservation 25 times!

Transportation, energy and environmental policies are inextricably linked. Today, 95 percent of the nation’s transportation is fueled by oil; transportation consumes about 28 percent of the nation’s energy and produces 27 percent of the nation’s greenhouse gases, second only to electricity generation.

But the report shows that more of that transportation is being powered by our own damn selves.

Read more: Cities, Living, Politics


Oil companies offer helpful tips on how their employees should vote


From the Wall Street Journal:

The U.S. oil industry is for the first time making a direct political pitch to its employees and others, borrowing from traditional union tactics in a bid to secure a friendlier environment in Washington. …

Companies tend to shy away from such direct involvement in elections because they worry about a backlash from lawmakers and employees.

The industry's campaign is focused on the roughly nine million Americans whose jobs are tied to the oil and natural-gas industry, from drillers to truck drivers to low-skilled workers who help build pipelines. The goal is to persuade a majority of Americans to support expanded oil drilling, hydraulic fracturing and pipeline construction, including the Keystone XL Pipeline.

"We realized that we are sitting on a vast resource of employees who can register their views," said Jack Gerard, the president of the American Petroleum Institute, the industry's Washington trade association and organizer of the effort.

"A vast resource of employees," many of whom have mouths and can vote! Nice observation there, Jack.

As noted in the first paragraph, this isn't new, really. For decades -- well more than a century, really -- employers have worked to impress their views about unions upon employees. Holding mandatory meetings and passing out literature about how much better the workplace would be without workers having a voice on the job are a long-standing scourge to the labor movement. And now, the oil industry suddenly realizes, the same idea can be applied to politics.


Empire State Building goes green in more ways than one

Once the site of the Empire State Building was a farm with a little stream running through it. Today it's getting a tiny infusion of its former identity in the form of huge, multi-million dollar retrofits that aim to help the environment, the tenants, and of course the owner.


From the Natural Resources Defense Council Switchboard blog:

A series of cost-effective, energy-efficient retrofits have dramatically reduced energy waste in the Empire State Building, saving $2.4 million in operating costs in the first year alone. In the next few years, when the project is complete, the building is expected to reduce its energy use by nearly 40 percent--and save about $4.4 million each year.

Read more: Cities, Climate & Energy


We may soon lose our storm-tracking satellites

Wreckage from the 1900 Galveston hurricane floats offshore.

On Sept. 4, 1900, the U.S. Weather Bureau office in Galveston, Texas, learned of a major storm in Cuba. It was hard to predict where it might head next; they apparently thought it was likely to head northeast. It didn't. On the 8th, a hurricane leveled the city.

The Galveston Weather Bureau staff didn't have much choice but to guess. As we've seen with Sandy over the past few days, the path of a hurricane is hard to predict even with modern sensor technology and satellites. Without the data we now collect, almost as blind as Texans in 1900.

And now the bad news: Obsolescence and budget cuts may mean that we're about to lose some of those data-collecting satellites. From The New York Times:

The endangered satellites fly pole-to-pole orbits and cross the Equator in the afternoon, scanning the whole planet one strip at a time. Along with orbiters on other timetables, they are among the most effective tools used to pin down the paths of major storms around five days ahead.

All this week, forecasters have been relying on just such satellite observations for almost all of the data needed to narrow down what were at first widely divergent computer models of what Hurricane Sandy would do next: explode against the coast, or veer away into the open ocean?

Experiments show that without this kind of satellite data, forecasters would have underestimated by half the massive snowfall that hit Washington in the 2010 blizzard nicknamed “Snowmageddon.”



Chevron drops $2.5 million in pocket change to elect House Republicans

The logo visible in the upper-left corner of the check.
Chevron, owners of a refinery that exploded over the summer resulting in possible criminal charges, decided to make a strategic investment that it clearly hopes will prevent future, similar headaches.

It gave $2.5 million to a pro-Republican super PAC.

Chevron’s donation accounts for the bulk of the $3.1 million the group raised between Oct. 1-17, according to a filing with the Federal Election Commission released Thursday.

California-based Chevron, in a statement, said it “exercises its right to participate in the political process through various contributions” and emphasized that all of the company's political giving is fully disclosed. …

The Chevron donation appears to be the largest by a publicly traded company since the Supreme Court’s 2010 Citizens United v. FEC decision, according to Public Campaign Action Fund, a group that promotes the public financing of elections.

The lucky PAC, the Congressional Leadership Fund, has spent $4.1 million against Democratic candidates so far this cycle. Here's one of the ads it funded, dinging a Democratic incumbent on cap-and-trade.

Read more: Uncategorized


The $41 million corporate ad blitz that is taking down California’s GMO labeling

California's Proposition 37 would require that all genetically modified foods be labeled for consumer awareness. It's pitched as a "Right to Know" campaign, and for a while things were looking bright for Nov. 6's Election Day. But now?

A USC Dornsife / Los Angeles Times poll released Thursday showed 44% of surveyed voters backing the initiative and 42% opposing it. A substantial slice of the electorate, 14%, remains undecided or unwilling to take a position.

That's compared to the last USC/LA Times poll done just over a month ago, which showed 61 percent in favor and 25 percent opposed. Basically: It is not looking good. From The Los Angeles Times:

Read more: Food, Politics


Drought continues to hammer the economy

If you were to go to Congress and say, "Hey, Congress. I know a way to stem significant drags on the nation's productivity," they'd probably say, "Great, let's hear it." And then you'd say, "Let's work to fight climate change and limit the number of droughts the country experiences," and they'd tune out as soon as you said "climate" and go back to tallying their checks from oil companies.

From the Bureau of Economic Analysis [PDF]:

Real [gross domestic product (GDP)] increased 2.0 percent (annual rate) in the third quarter of 2012, following an increase of 1.3 percent in the second quarter. …

BEA’s GDP estimates reflect the effects of this summer’s extreme hot weather and drought in the Midwest on farm production. For the most part, these effects are embedded in the regular source data that are used by BEA. When the source data do not completely reflect the effects of the drought, BEA attempts to supplement these data, applying methodologies similar to those used in the past. While the drought could indirectly affect many components of GDP, such as personal consumption expenditures and exports, it is only possible to separately identify its effects on a few components, such as the change in farm inventories.

Adjusting for inflation, the change in farm inventories subtracted 0.42 percentage point from the third-quarter change in real GDP after subtracting 0.17 percentage point from the second-quarter change.

Emphasis added. We noted the second-quarter GDP drag last month; the slowdown this quarter was even more significant.


Deathicane Sandy: Updates and resources

[sigh] Hello.

I know you're tired of hearing about Hurricane Sandy. Or maybe you're not. Who knows. If you are, I'm sorry. I can't help it. I live on the East Coast. This, this thing is bearing down on me. I bet it was just as hard for Damocles not to always be blogging about swords. And since I made the first Sandy-related GIF several days ago, by the laws of the internet, I own the story.

Here's where we are this morning.

Click to embiggen.

As you can see, the anticipated track continues to shift west and south. The storm should make landfall Monday night, probably somewhere near Delaware. But as it has over the past few days, that track could change.

Read more: Climate & Energy