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Gristmill: Fresh, whole-brain news.


Oil industry sues EPA over biofuel mandate

Gas pumps
Old gas pumps, new fuel mandates.

Oil companies are fighting efforts to boost the percentage of biofuels in gasoline. And they're not the only ones -- some green groups are opposed to the biofuels boost too.

The American Petroleum Institute filed a lawsuit this week that seeks to overturn the EPA's renewable-fuel mandate, which requires that gas contain a minimum percentage of biofuel. There's particular controversy over requirements for use of cellulosic ethanol, which can be made from crop waste but is not currently being produced in large supply.  From The Hill:

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued the Renewable Fuel Standard in August, long after the agency’s statutory deadline in November of last year. The industry has repeatedly called the standards unworkable. ...

The standards require refiners to use millions of gallons of cellulosic ethanol this year, but the API argues that only 142,000 gallons have been made available to refiners thus far for blending.


Old Russian nukes provide 10 percent of U.S. electricity

Thanks for all the cheap power.

Peace-loving opponents of nuclear energy might find themselves a little conflicted over this one.

U.S. nuclear plants have been using uranium from decommissioned Russian warheads to provide an astonishing 10 percent of America's electricity over the past 15 years. From Agence France-Presse:

Rose Gottemoeller, US under secretary of state for arms control, told a UN committee [that a 1993 arms-reduction] accord was a disarmament success.

Arms control experts call it the "megatons-to-megawatts" deal and hail the accord as a little known but important example of the United States and Russia pressing disarmament. ...

Signed after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the deal was concluded as the two countries sought ways to get rid of warheads under their 1991 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.

But Russia has concluded that it's been getting a raw deal, so it's ending the arrangment:


L.A. Times won’t publish climate-denier letters

L.A. Times newspaper box
Jason Eppink

We can't always escape the climate-denying rants of our relatives. Fortunately, though, we won't have to read climate-denying rants from the relatives of others when we pick up the Los Angeles Times.

Last week, in discussing the fight over Obamacare, the Times’ letters editor mentioned in passing that the newspaper doesn't publish letters to the editor that claim there's no evidence of human-caused climate change:

Regular readers of The Times’ Opinion pages will know that, among the few letters published over the last week that have blamed the Democrats for the government shutdown (a preponderance faulted House Republicans), none made the argument about Congress exempting itself from Obamacare.

Why? Simply put, this objection to the president's healthcare law is based on a falsehood, and letters that have an untrue basis (for example, ones that say there's no sign humans have caused climate change) do not get printed.

Read more: Climate & Energy


Arr, matey: Russia charges Greenpeace protesters with piracy

Pirate girl
Dressing like this for the protest was the Greenpeace activists' biggest mistake.

We told you recently that Russian law enforcement suggested Greenpeace activists violated anti-piracy laws when they scaled the country's first offshore drilling rig. And we told you that even President Vladimir Putin scoffed at the notion that the activists were "pirates" -- given that they were obviously protesters, not looters.

But the cops have persisted, charging all 30 aboard the Greenpeace ship, including journalists, with piracy -- a crime that could see them each jailed for up to 15 years.

On Tuesday, a Russian court denied bail to three accused Russians, including a freelance journalist, during a hearing. Protesters from other countries are due to receive their days in court later this week. From Reuters:

Greenpeace says the piracy charges against the activists and crew members are absurd and unfounded and that the conditions of detention have in some cases violated their rights.


California utilities say, “No batteries for you!”

solar panels
No batteries allowed.

California has the nation's biggest "net metering" program, allowing solar panel and wind turbine owners to pump their excess electrons onto their local power grid so they can be sold to their neighbors by a utility company.

But in some cases the state's utilities are refusing to allow customers to take part in the program if they hook up a battery to their renewable energy system. In others, the utilities will allow solar plus battery systems -- but only if customers submit to costly double-metering upgrades.


U.S. government is buying up $300-million sugar glut

The USDA HQ is Candy Land
"Take your kid to work" day at the USDA's Washington headquarters.

Trick-or-treaters in waiting take note: The U.S. Department of Agriculture is buying up a stockpile of sugar, spending about $1 per American resident on a sweet bounty that it can barely give away.

That's because the government has been promoting the planting of more sugar cane and sugar beet crops than the over-sugared country can bear. Meanwhile, the North American Free Trade Agreement has opened an import spigot that has seen Mexican sugar flowing unencumbered into the U.S.

To reduce the financial burden on the agricultural companies that planted all those unsellable, diabetes-inducing crops, the USDA is going on a sugar-buying binge. Bloomberg reports:

Since June, the sugar glut led the U.S. Department of Agriculture to buy sugar to prop up prices, sell it at a loss to biofuels producers and take steps to reduce imports. The efforts have barely dented the surplus.

“The government is still supporting growers to produce more sugar than we actually consume,” Arthur Liming, a Chicago-based futures specialist at Citigroup Inc., said in a telephone interview.


Salmonella breaks out around U.S. as feds stay home


Hundreds of customers of California poultry producer Foster Farms have a health problem: an especially potent strain of salmonella.

And the country has a governance problem: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention officials have been furloughed by the federal government shutdown.

These two problems do not play nicely together.

As the tainted chicken makes it way onto plates as far away as the East Coast, Hawaii, and Alaska (seriously -- this is what our food system looks like now), the CDC is summoning dozens of its employees back to work to help handle the emergency. According to an NBC report:

Of 183 complete cases, 76 patients have been hospitalized. Among those, many infections appear to be resistant to the most common antibiotics used for them [said CDC spokeswoman Barbara Reynolds].

Read more: Food, Politics


Federal shutdown freezes Antarctic science, other research

Antarctic research
Stacy Kim, National Science Foundation
Nothing to see here, folks. Y'all can just stay home this year.

It's springtime at the South Pole, meaning there soon will be enough daylight and warmth for hardy climate researchers to make their annual haul south -- way, way south. (Since Antarctica's ice sheet would raise seas more than 150 feet upon melting, it seems like an important thing to stay on top of.)

But preparations by America's team are being threatened by the American government shutdown. NPR explains:

Advance teams have already started working to get things set up and ready for the researchers, who usually begin heading south right about now.

But they're hearing that the government's contractor for logistics in Antarctica, Lockheed Martin, will run out of funding for its Antarctic support program in about a week. A decision about whether they will need to start pulling back personnel is expected very soon.


Exxon demolishing homes ruined by its Mayflower spill

The house that Exxon demolished
36 N. Starlite Rd., in happier days.

If you wish to bid Jose Modica and Daneshia Roberts-Modica farewell in the wake of the tar-sands oil spill that wrecked their Mayflower, Ark., neighborhood in the spring, don't bother sending the flowers to their 36 N. Starlite Rd. address.

The couple bought the four-bedroom house last year for $180,000. Then the oil spill happened, and their family was never allowed to return. So they sold it to Exxon in August for $3,000 less than they had paid.

Let's call them motivated sellers.


Wind turbine blade manufacturer hiring at whirlwind rate

LM Wind Power blade
Courtesy of LM Wind Power
That's a big-ass blade.

The economies of Grand Forks, N.D., and Little Rock, Ark. are being swept up in a green bonanza.

LM Wind Power, a global manufacturer of blades for wind turbines, says it doubled its U.S. workforce to 700 in August -- up from 350 in April. And it says the boom will continue: It expects to employ some 1,200 people in the U.S. next year -- most of them based at its factories in North Dakota and Arkansas.

In a press release, the company credited the extension late last year of the Renewable Electricity Production Tax Credit with the growth of its workforce:

“We are pleased to see that the market is improving again following a period of low activity due to uncertainty around the PTC,” said LM Wind Power’s Head of US Operations, Bill Burga Jr. “With the political framework in place, our customers are winning more business again and we are ready to serve their demand for highly efficient quality blades for the US market, adding hundreds of extra jobs. Now it is crucial that the politicians remain committed to securing a stable economic framework to enable continued industry growth and increased US employment.”