In 2006, Brazil officially achieved "energy independence" -- that is, its oil exports came into line with imports and cancelled them out. No longer beholden to foreign suppliers for its energy needs, the nation theoretically has no stake in costly Middle East military adventures to secure access to oil reserves. Grain alcohol? Haven't touched the stuff since college. Photo: Whitehouse.gov Sounds like a certain colossus to the north has a lot to learn from Brazil's recent energy strategy, huh? Indeed, much of Brazil's energy independence stems from a successful ethanol program, which has replaced about 40 percent of gasoline use …
Get Grist in Your Inbox
Gordon Feller is chief executive of the Urban Age Institute and editor of Urban Age magazine.
Spared by climate change: The 10 best cities to ride out hot times
Gut punch: Monsanto could be destroying your microbiome
Screwed by climate change: 10 cities that will be hardest hit
Fourth-grade filmmaker sneaks a camera into the cafeteria to document his gross school lunch
Antarctica’s “bleeding glacier” is kind of terrifying