Photo: Steve JurvetsonThis story is excerpted form a longer piece in Urbanite. Imagine if someone concocted a method for turning cities inside out, so we could view their inner workings -- their strengths and shortcomings, how they grow and thrive and die -- at an almost cellular level. By analyzing a vast sweep of data, everything from how much money the city's residents make to the numbers of miles in its sewer lines, this system could tell us just how successful a city has been, where it falls flat, and how it stacks up to other cities of its size. …