Republicans pursued clean energy loans, too — and good for them!
As I predicted, Solyndra’s bankruptcy is serving as the new Climategate — it’s giving conservative politicians who once felt the need to grope for some sort of muddled centrist-sounding position (e.g.,”the science is uncertain,” or “all of the above”) the pretense they need to transition to full-on oppositionalism.
We see this now as Republicans decry clean energy loan guarantees that they were begging for a few years ago. I had some fun with Mitch McConnell a few days ago, and ThinkProgress has a great post nailing Daryl Issa — who even now is investigating Solyndra — for pleading with DOE’s Steven Chu to fast track a loan guarantee to Aptera Motors, an electric car manufacturer.
The hypocrisy charge is legit, as far as it goes, and it’s catnip for the media and for activists. But let’s not forget: the main problem with Issa’s effort to cripple the clean energy loan guarantee program is not that he did something contrary earlier, but that it’s a bad idea to cripple the clean energy loan guarantee program.
I worry that the hypocrisy attack makes it look like Republicans were doing something embarrassing or unseemly by pursuing loans for clean energy companies in their districts. Quite the contrary! If I were one of Darryl Issa’s constituents, I would be most pleased to hear that he was angling to get some advanced manufacturing in my district. Electric cars are are a booming market and it would be to a region’s great benefit to establish an early foothold as a center of research, skills, and experience. Issa was serving the people who elected him.
This gets at a weird schizophrenia in public dialogue about energy policy. In an economist’s dream world, all units of carbon emissions are priced equally. The government does not pick winners or otherwise interfere in the market. The carbon price creates demand for new low-carbon options, which pulls new competitors into the market. Lots of left pundits seem to have convinced themselves that this is the only thing they can credibly advocate for. Anything else is vaguely malodorous.
This is pure mythology, though. For one thing, a carbon price wouldn’t be enough to spur innovation (see here or here). Putting that aside, though, it’s not like a price on carbon would, in and of itself, make energy markets “free” or “fair.” There are no markets in the world more riddled with state intervention, collusion, price-fixing, subsidies, tax breaks, cartels, monopolies, etc. etc. The government is always and already involved in energy markets, always and already “picking winners and losers.” (Brad Plumer has a good post on that today.)
Yet this mythology, that an agnostic price on carbon is the only respectable carbon policy, has made many pundits and advocates on the left shy, even ashamed, about forthrightly advocating that the government explicitly favor clean energy with specific programs, regulations, loans, tax exemptions, and cash grants.
Yet that’s the real fight — the one taking place on the ground. Not the abstract fight over what looks best in an economist’s modeling spreadsheet, but the concrete fight over who gets the favors and funds available to the energy industry. In the real world, the location and nature of commercial activity in any particular state or region is subject to a dense thicket of regulations, incentives, and political forces. The purpose of a loan guarantee program is to channel resources to innovative work on socially beneficial technologies and products. The fact that political representatives are competing for those loans is not some embarrassing revelation — it’s a sign that the program is working.