Scientific American’s special issue on the environment
Now available on newsstands (and the Internets) is Scientific American‘s special issue titled “Crossroads for Planet Earth.” In it you’ll find: George Musser setting the stage, Joel E. Cohen on population, Jeffrey D. Sachs on extreme poverty, Stuart L. Pimm and Clinton Jenkins on endangered species, Amory B. Lovins on energy, Paul Polak on agriculture, Barry R. Bloom on public health, Herman E. Daly on economic growth and sustainability, and W. Wayt Gibbs on setting priorities.
Here’s an excerpt from Musser’s intro:
The 21st century feels like a letdown. We were promised flying cars, space colonies and 15-hour workweeks. Robots were supposed to do our chores, except when they were organizing rebellions; children were supposed to learn about disease from history books; portable fusion reactors were supposed to be on sale at the Home Depot. Even dystopian visions of the future predicted leaps of technology and social organization that leave our era in the dust.
Looking beyond the blinking lights and whirring gizmos, though, the new century is shaping up as one of the most amazing periods in human history. Three great transitions set in motion by the Industrial Revolution are reaching their culmination. After several centuries of faster-than-exponential growth, the world’s population is stabilizing. Judging from current trends, it will plateau at around nine billion people toward the middle of this century. Meanwhile extreme poverty is receding both as a percentage of population and in absolute numbers. If China and India continue to follow in the economic footsteps of Japan and South Korea, by 2050 the average Chinese will be as rich as the average Swiss is today; the average Indian, as rich as today’s Israeli. As humanity grows in size and wealth, however, it increasingly presses against the limits of the planet. Already we pump out carbon dioxide three times as fast as the oceans and land can absorb it; midcentury is when climatologists think global warming will really begin to bite. At the rate things are going, the world’s forests and fisheries will be exhausted even sooner.
I personally enjoyed the Paul Polak piece titled “The Big Potential of Small Farms” which introduced me to the treadle pump and gave some great examples of how drip irrigation systems that use cheap rubber hoses can make a huge difference for poor families.
[editor’s note, by Chris Schults] When I wrote “Internets” I really meant the Scientific American website, where only some of the content is freely available.