In February 2014, nearly 40,000 tons of coal ash spilled into North Carolina’s Dan River, coating the waterway with a thick, toxic sludge. The responsible party was Duke Energy, the nation’s largest power company. In a settlement last year, Duke pled guilty to federal pollution crimes and agreed to pay $102 million in fines and restitution. Tuesday, Duke was fined another $6.6 million by North Carolina’s Department of Environmental Quality for crimes related to the spill.

“The state is holding Duke Energy accountable so that it and others understand there are consequences to breaking the law,” North Carolina Environment Secretary Donald van der Vaart said.

But are there consequences? Really?