The U.S. Employment Effects of Military and Domestic Spending Priorities (PDF):

Number of jobs created by spending $1 billion on defense: 8,555

Number of jobs created by spending $1 billion on health care: 10,779

Number of jobs created by spending $1 billion on education: 17,687

Number of jobs created by spending $1 billion on mass transit: 19,795

(via Yes! magazine)