Facts and figures on air quality and Latino health in the U.S.
- 92 — percentage of the U.S. Latino population living in urban areas in 20002, 3
- 80 — percentage of Latinos living in counties that violated at least one federal air-pollution standard in 20022
- 57 — percentage of non-Latino whites living in counties that violate at least one federal air-pollution standard in 20022
- 50 — percentage of Latinos living in areas that violate the federal air-pollution standard for ozone, one of the major triggers for asthma attacks4
- 2.5 : 1 — ratio of asthma incidence in Latino children to incidence in non-Latino white children4
- 39 — percentage of Latinos living within 30 miles of a power plant in 20004
- 78 million — pounds of developmental and neurological toxins released into the air or water in the U.S. by power plants in 19994
- 41 — percentage of U.S. mercury emissions that came from power plants in 19994
- 44 — number of states that have fish-consumption advisories warning about eating mercury-contaminated fish5
- 50 — percentage by which the Bush administration’s plan would likely cut mercury emissions from coal-fired power plants by 20205
- 90 — percentage by which mercury emissions from coal-fired power plants could be cut before the end of the decade if utilities were required to install top-notch technology5
- 11 — number of years that have passed since President Clinton issued an executive order requiring all federal agencies to include the achievement of environmental justice in their missions4
- 0 — criteria the EPA have developed for defining which populations should be served by the executive order4
- 52 — percentage of Latinos under the age of 65 without health insurance in 20034
- 30 — percentage of Latino children living in poverty4
1. Annual Estimates of the Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic or Latino Origin for the United States: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2004 [PDF], U.S. Census Bureau.
2. Lung Disease Data at a Glance: Air Quality, American Lung Association.
3. The Hispanic Population in the United States, U.S. Census Bureau, March 2000.
4. “Air of Injustice: How Air Pollution Affects the Health of Hispanics and Latinos” [PDF], July 2004, League of United Latin American Citizens.
5. EPA Weakens Mercury Reduction Requirements for Power Plants, 15 Mar 2005, Natural Resources Defense Council.