Planetizen This article is part of a collaboration with Planetizen, the web’s leading resource for the urban planning, design, and development community.
 <p>The green marketplace is the marketplace of the future. From Wal-Mart to Toyota to the neighborhood dry cleaner, it seems like every business is going out of its way to tell us how green it is. That could either be a great thing, because these businesses are actually using  environmentally friendly practices, or it could be a bad thing, because they're just claiming to be green. Regardless of which it is, one thing is certain: they say they're green because that's what we want to hear.</p>   <p>The green market's existence and growth was hammered home by the recent <a href="" title="VerdeXchange">VerdeXchange</a> Green Marketmakers Conference in Los Angeles. The conference pulled together an impressive list of green-thinking politicians, public officials, private business people, and practitioners from around the globe to discuss trends in the environmentally conscious market and to outline how businesses and communities can actually be as green as they love to say they are.</p>  <p>As it goes with these types of events, there were a lot of people talking about all the great things they're doing, all the great things they're going to be doing, and all the great things they could be doing if the government worked better. Beyond the spin and the sell, a few major themes stuck out to me (based on a select few of the day's many sessions).</p>  <p><strong>Renewable Energy Transmission&lt;/strong</strong></p>  <p>It seems like every single person in attendance talked at some point about renewable energy. It's an appropriate subject, and one that seems to dominate the general perception of what it means to be green. An aspect I hadn't really given much thought to previously is transmission. Getting all that renewable power from the plant out into the grid is a pretty crucial element of the whole scheme, and one that has been a major hurdle, possibly even more than development of the renewable energy technology itself.</p>  <p>Cities love to tout how much alternative and renewable energy they use, but that amount is severely limited by how easily that power can get to the city. Many within the renewable industry have bemoaned the federal and state permitting process, which they say creates sometimes excruciating timeframes. They're calling for an update to the permitting process that can get projects moving -- and generating energy -- faster. But with thousands of miles of transmission lines, the footprint can have a major impact on communities and habitats. Siting power plants and transmission lines seems to be one of the major challenges ahead for the renewables industry.</p>  <p><strong>California's Environmental Leadership</strong></p>  <p>The state has been at the forefront of many environmental movements, and recent legislation within California has offered guidance for the rest of the country. It's notable that on the day of this conference, President Barack Obama reversed a controversial Bush administration decision, and ordered the Environmental Protection Agency to <a href=";th&amp;emc=th" title="New York Times: Obama's Order Is Likely to Tighten Auto Standards">reconsider a state plan</a> to set higher emissions standards for automobiles. That law, <a href="" title="California Legislative Info: AB1493">AB1493</a>, has garnered the support of 13 other states and is widely seen as a major step in expanding the government's influence over fuel efficiency in the U.S.</p>  <p>Another of California's laws that received plenty of lip service was <a href="" title="California Legislative Info: AB32">AB32</a>, The Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, which requires the state to bring greenhouse gas emissions down to 1990 levels by 2020. It's no Kyoto, but many green thinkers are calling it a good step for the country's most populous state.</p>  <p>And the third California crowd-pleaser is the "anti-sprawl" legislation <a href="" title="California Legislative Info: SB375">SB375</a>, which requires metropolitan planning organizations to include provisions in planning documents that aim at reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The 2008 law basically ties land use decisions to the greenhouse gas emissions they inevitably cause. The end result is, ideally, communities throughout the state that are built to limit the damage their physical form creates.</p>  <p><strong>Water</strong></p>  <p>Water is life, and here in America we are wasting our life. Twisted agricultural subsidies, desert-based explosive development, and the love of the lawn have pushed our needs beyond our means. As many speakers discussed, people and communities are going to have to, first, change their lifestyles and, second, get way more creative in reusing our most important resource.</p>  <p>Much of the focus here was on reusing -- like the wastewater reuse projects that have finally surpassed the yuck factor to become viable methods of recharging groundwater supplies. There are both technical opportunities for the green market people to explore and conservation methods cities and regions should consider. Combining the two -- creative technologies and creative ideas -- will help to spread the idea that protecting water sources means much more than turning off the tap while you brush your teeth.</p>  <p>What was great to see in the attendants of this conference was a broad range of industries and professions. There was also a huge Japanese presence, highlighting the nation's advancements in green technologies. But no matter where they came from, the people at this conference were highly passionate and interested. Above all, they were primarily business people. This is not the environmentalist movement of the '70s -- or even the '90s, for that matter. These are savvy people who not only see business opportunities, but intrinsically link environmental stewardship with their own success. The hippies grew up, and they're showing that the environmental movement is about more than just green in the pipe. It's also about green in the wallet.