In the Northwest, it’s impossible to address climate change without doing something about transportation. Take a look at this chart showing CO2 emissions from fossil fuels in Washington.

wa co2_sector_300

In Washington (as in Oregon), everything else pales in comparison to the emissions that come from transportation. In fairness, the chart above shows only emission from fossil fuels. But fossil fuels represent better than four-fifths of the state’s entire portfolio of greenhouse-gas emissions [MS Word doc]. They’re also the emissions that are best understood, and by far the most practical to cover in carbon legislation, such as cap-and-trade systems.

Whether we aim to reduce our climate emissions by 80 percent below 1990 levels (the amount that scientists say is necessary in the developed world if we’re to slow climate change) or by 50 percent (the target that the state’s leaders have proposed), there’s pretty much no way to get around making big cuts in transportation emissions.

On a related note, the Western Climate Initiative — the group of western states and provinces setting a joint climate strategy — just announced their shared target. I was actually a bit surprised when I saw the numbers.

The participants agreed to an aggregate reduction of 15 percent below 2005 levels by 2020. Not too shabby! (They also acknowledge that "current science suggests that this will require worldwide reductions between 50% and 85% in carbon dioxide emissions from current levels by 2050.")

The WCI’s new goal is comparable to the goals that Washington and California have set (1990 levels by 2020), though it’s less aggressive than the nonbinding goals set by Oregon and British Columbia (10 percent below 1990 by 2020).

I take WCI’s action as great news. But, as in the Northwest, addressing climate change in the West will mean doing something meaningful about transportation emissions. Here’s a chart showing fossil-fuel emissions for the U.S. West:

westUS CO2_sector_300

The main difference with Washington’s portfolio is that some western states use more CO2-emitting coal power, so transportation shrinks a little bit as a share of total emissions. Still, it’s far and away the biggest obstacle to a responsible climate policy.

A couple of footnotes to this post:

The charts in are based on 2003 data and they appear courtesy of über-intern Justin Brant.

The WCI formally includes Arizona, British Columbia, California, Manitoba, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, and Washington. In addition, there are a number of "observers" who may join in the near future: Colorado, Kansas, Nevada, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, and Wyoming, plus the Mexican state of Sonora. (I suppose there’s a semantic question about whether it can still be the Western Climate Initiative if Quebec joins, which, last time I checked, borders the Atlantic Ocean.)