Could lime absorb massive amounts of carbon dioxide?
If this pans out, this is a huge idea — and potentially a reprieve from climate disaster:
Tim Kruger, a management consultant at London firm Corven, is the brains behind the plan to resurrect the lime process. He argues that it could be made workable by locating it in regions that have a combination of low-cost “stranded” energy considered too remote to be economically viable to exploit — like flared natural gas or solar energy in deserts — and that are rich in limestone, making it feasible for calcination to take place on site.
Kruger says: “There are many such places — for example, Australia’s Nullarbor Plain would be a prime location for this process, as it has 10,000km3 of limestone and soaks up roughly 20MJ/m2 of solar irradiation every day.”
The process of making lime generates CO2, but adding the lime to seawater absorbs almost twice as much CO2. The overall process is therefore “carbon negative.”
“This process has the potential to reverse the accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere. It would be possible to reduce CO2 to pre-industrial levels,” Kruger says.
And Professor Klaus Lackner, a researcher in the field from Columbia University, says: “The theoretical CO2 balance is roughly right … it is certainly worth thinking through carefully.”
The oceans are already the world’s largest carbon sink, absorbing 2bn tonnes of carbon every year. Increasing absorption ability by just a few percent could dramatically increase CO2 uptake from the atmosphere.
This project is being developed in an open source manner. To find out more, please go to http://www.cquestrate.com, a new website, launched today.